BIOL 1114 - Introductory Biology (L, N)
Lab 3. Introduction to the integration between structure and function among all levels of biological organization. Application of principles of evolution, genetics, physiology and ecology to understanding the integrated and interdependent nature of living systems through discussions emphasizing the process of science. Current issues and local research and observation and investigation in both lecture and lab.

BIOL 3023 - General Genetics
Prerequisite(s): PBIO 1404 or BIOL 1604 or equivalent. Inheritance in plants, animals, and microorganisms; molecular and classical aspects.

BIOL 3034* - General Ecology
Lab 3. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1114 or equivalent and (PBIO 1404 or BIOL 1604 or equivalent) and (MATH 1513 or MATH 1613 or MATH 1715 or MATH 2144). An overview of the study of organisms interacting with each other and their environment at individual, population, community, and ecosystem levels of organization. Includes human interaction with ecological systems. 

PBIO 1052 - How Plants Shaped our World
Lab 2. This course is an eclectic dive into the world of plants and their influence on human society.  Students will experience the importance of plants in almost all societies in human history.  From drugs to food to shelter to transport to birth, marriage and death, the role and importance of plants will be stressed and revealed.

PBIO 1404 - Plant Biology (N)
Lab 2. Basic concepts in the biology of plants from the perspective of structure and function, ecology and evolution, and diversity.  Students gain experience with the process of science by proposing hypotheses, designing and conducting experiments and interpreting data.

PBIO 2890 - Honors Experience in Plant Biology
Prerequisite(s):  Honors Program participation and concurrent enrollment in a designated BIOL or PBIO course. A supplemental Honors experience in Plant Biology to partner concurrently with designated upper-division BIOL or PBIO course(s).  The course adds a different intellectual dimension to the designated course.

PBIO 3114* - Plant Taxonomy
Lab 4. Prerequisite(s): PBIO 1404 or equivalent. Survey of vascular plant families in a phylogenetic framework, and the morphological characters that define them. Principles and practice of plant classification theory and methods. Lab focuses on the identification of species that comprise the Oklahoma flora.

PBIO 3253 - Environment and Society (N)
Prerequisite(s): At least one college level science course strongly recommended. The environmental impacts of human activities and population growth on the natural world, and possible solutions.

PBIO 3263 - Plants and People (N)
Study of how plant use has changed the course of world history. This includes the uses of plants and plant products for food and beverages, shelter, fiber, and medicinal and pharmaceutical purposes.

PBIO 3273 - Medical Botany (N)
Study of plants as a source of medicines, psychoactive compounds and poisons.  These topics will be explored in the context of modern western medicine as well as traditional health systems and complementary alternative medicine.

PBIO 3553 - Fungi: Myths and More
Lab 2. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1114. This course explores fungal biology and its roles in the environment and impacts on the health and nutrition of plants, animals and humans. Topics include the ethnomycological and industrial uses of fungi in foods, fermentations, medicines, and intoxicants, and the colorful folklore and myths associated with these diverse, enigmatic organisms. Laboratory instruction includes microscopy, microbiological methods, mushroom cultivation, and identification of microfungi and wild mushrooms. Same course as PLP 3553.

PBIO 3890 - Advanced Honors Experience in Plant Biology
Prerequisite(s):  Honors Program participation and concurrent enrollment in a designated BIOL or PBIO course. A supplemental Honors experience in Plant Biology to partner concurrently with designated upper-division BIOL or PBIO course(s). This course adds a different intellectual dimension to the designated course(s). Same course as PBIO 2890.

PBIO 4005 - Field Botany
Lab 4. Prerequisite(s): PBIO 1404 or equivalent. Botanical field techniques, the vegetation of North America, and the flora of Oklahoma. Terminology of description, use of taxonomic keys, techniques of specimen preservation, field recognition of plant taxa and communities and controlling ecological factors, economic and wildlife significance of dominant taxa, principles of classification and nomenclature. Three weekend field trips required. May not be used for degree credit with PBIO 5003.

PBIO 4013* - Biological Microtechnique
Lab 3. Prerequisite(s): PBIO 1404 or BIOL 1604. Theories, principles, and methods related to the usage of the light microscope and to the preparation of biological materials for light microscopic examination. May not be used for degree credit with PBIO 5013.

PBIO 4233* - Plant Anatomy
Lab 2. Prerequisite(s): PBIO 1404. Structure of cells, tissues and organs of plants and the developmental, phylogenetic, and functional contexts of the structures. May not be used for degree credit with PBIO 5233.

PBIO 4400 - Undergraduate Research
1-3 credits, max 9. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Undergraduate research problems in plant biology.

PBIO 4423 - Plant Mineral Nutrition
Prerequisite(s): PBIO 4463 or concurrent enrollment. Uptake, translocation, metabolism, and biochemical function of mineral nutrients in higher plants. May not be used for degree credit with PBIO 5423.
 
PBIO 4462 - Plant Physiology Lab
Lab 4. Prerequisite(s): PBIO 4463 or PBIO 5463 or concurrent enrollment. Skills in techniques for working with plants, experiments involving nutrition, respiration, photosynthesis, water relations, translocation, hormones, growth and development.

PBIO 4463* - Plant Physiology
Prerequisite(s): PBIO 1404. Plant subcellular structure, water relations, water absorption and ascent of sap, translocation, gaseous exchange, nutrition, enzymes, respiration, photosynthesis, growth, development, reproduction, tropisms, hormones, dormancy and seed germination. May not be used for degree credit with PBIO 5463.

PBIO 4524 - Biological Labratory Instrumentation
Lab 4. Prerequisite(s): CHEM 1515 or equivalent and (PBIO 1404 or MICR 2123 or BIOL 1604 or equivalents or consent of instructor). Lecture and laboratory course in biological instrumentation use, theory, experimental design, maintenance, and troubleshooting. Topics include liquid handling systems, pH/ISE meters, electrophoresis, microcontrollers, spectrophotometers, centrifuges, chromatography, thermocyclers, and DNA sequencers. Same course as BIOL 4524, MICR 4524.

PBIO 4553 - Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis
Lab 2. Prerequisite(s): Undergraduate genetics strongly recommended. Covers the use of molecular sequence data to construct evolutionary trees.  It integrates theory and computer applications to answer questions involving species relationships, gene evolution, molecular evolution and morphological change, co-evolution, and biogeographic relationships. May not be used for degree credit with PBIO 5553.

PBIO 4800 - Senior Honors Thesis
Prerequisite(s): Departmental invitation, senior standing, Honors Program participation. A research project under the direction of a faculty member resulting in a written report to be judged by a second faculty member as well. An oral presentation made at a departmental seminar. Required for graduation with departmental honors in botany.

PBIO 4910 - Internship in Plant Biology
Prerequisite(s): Specified hours of documented plant biology work experience. Supervised experience in an approved work situation related to future career in the plant biology field.

PBIO 4990 - Independent Study in Plant Biology
Prerequisite(s): Consent of instructor. Independent study under the supervision of a faculty member. This will include readings and discussion on a selected topic agreed upon between the student and instructor.

* - May be used for Graduate Credit
N - General Education course, Natural Science designation
L - General Education course, Scientific Investigation designation